Historical Places in Jaipur
Historical Places in Jaipur A city known for its vibrant colours, narrow streets bustling with life and to top it all, the city’s historic monuments that boast of its glorious past, chivalry and valour of Rajput kings – Welcome to the historic city of ‘Jaipur’. Also known as the ‘Pink City’ owing to its structures built in pink sandstone, the charisma of this cultural city of India continues to lure travellers, history buffs and researchers from different corners of the world. With its array of monuments soaked in the glory of opulence and grandeur of the Rajput rulers, Jaipur offers a spectacular journey in its rich past. Let us uncover some of its best places and attractions on this memorable journey.Historical Places in Jaipur
- Amer Fort: Located in Amer town, at a distance of 11 km. from Jaipur, the ‘Amer Fort’ is one of the most impressive forts of Rajasthan and is visited by an umpteen number of tourists every year. Overlooking the beautiful Maota Lake, the fort is a masterpiece of the Rajputana architecture. Built by Raja Man Singh I in 16th century, the fort is a brilliant specimen boasting of a unique blend of Hindu and Rajput elements. Be it the ornamented pillars and delicate mosaic work of the ‘Diwaan-e-Khas’, splendid ivory and sandalwood work of the ‘Sukh Niwas’, elegant frescoes and fascinating latticed work of the ‘Ganesh Pol’ or a spell binding work of glass in the ‘Sheesh Mahal’ – Amer Fort is incomparable as far as the artistic skills of the artisans and designers of the Rajput era are concerned. Besides the artistic brilliance, the fort also offers you breath-taking views of the surrounding hills and cities. Many famous Bollywood movies such as ‘Mughal-e-Azam’, ‘Jodha Akbar’ and ‘Veer’ have been shot at this enchanting fort. A tourist guide is a must to get an in-depth knowledge of the fort’s minutest details. A visit to the ‘Amer Fort’ is incomplete without an elephant ride that is a unique experience in itself. Make sure to reach the fort early in the morning as the rides are available only in mornings to protect these creatures from harsh sun during the noon time.Historical Places in Jaipur
- Nahargarh Fort: the city of Jaipur, ‘Nahargarh Fort’ is another imposing structure of Jaipur. The scenic Aravali hills serve as a perfect backdrop for this impressive fort. The famous ‘Masti ki Pathshala’ song from the Bollywood movie, ‘Rang De Basanti’, shot at a baori of this fort, has made this place even more popular amongst tourists. Built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the 18thcentury, the Nahargarh Fort along with forts of Amer and Jaigarh, served as a strong defense of the Jaipur city in the past. Major attraction inside the fort is the ‘Madhavendra Bhavan’ that speaks volumes of the Rajput taste for exquisite artwork and craftsmanship. The interiors of the Bhavan are beautifully decorated with murals and European stucco designs. Interestingly, the Bhavan was used by Raja Sawai Madho Singh as a summer retreat for him and his 9 wives. The temple dedicated to Nahar Singh Bohemia is another interesting site to visit inside the fort complex. Splendid vistas of the Jaipur city and a mystic charm of the sunset from the terrace of the Madhavendra Bhavan; makes this fort all the more an interesting place to visit in Jaipur. The skyline above the fort revels in glory when the fort is floodlit in the night; you have to be there yourself to witness this magical scene with your own eyes.Historical Places in Jaipur
- Jaigarh Fort: Overlooking the ‘Amber Fort’ and ‘Maota Lake’, the ‘Jaigarh Fort’ stands tall atop the ‘Cheel Ka Teela’ hill in the Aravali range. Built in the 18thcentury by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II as a shield to protect Amber Fort and Jaipur city from attack of invaders, the magnificent structure of the fort boasts of the opulence of the Rajput rulers. Owing to the fact that the fort never witnessed any defeat, it also came to be called as the ‘Fort of Victory’. It is interesting to note that the temples, water reservoirs, and residential complexes inside the fort are still intact and well-preserved. Spread across 3 km. in length and 1 km. in width, the fort was connected to the Amber Fort through secret passages and served as the place to store ammunitions and armoury required for the wars. World’s biggest cannon, the ‘Jaivana Cannon’ is still housed in the fort complex and many tourists flock to the fort to just have a glimpse of it. This fort is also believed to have served as a treasury to the Kachchwaha rulers and many controversies are related to the seizure of a huge treasure buried under the fort by the Rajasthan Government. One of the best sightseeing places in Jaipur, a visit to this grand fort cannot be missed during your family vacation in this historic city.Historical Places in Jaipur
- Jal Mahal: Also known as the ‘Water Palace’, ‘Jal Mahal’ is situated right in the heart of the ‘Man Sagar Lake’, flanked by the majestic Nahargarh Hills. Unique location and charming beauty of the palace makes it one of the best photographic sites in Jaipur. Originally, believed to be built by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh some 300 years back, as a lodge for his duck hunting parties, the palace was renovated by his son later on to beautify its exteriors with courtyards and gardens built in typical Mughal style. Tourists can book boat rides to visit the palace; only the terrace garden is allowed to be accessed by the visitors. Stunning views of the hills adorned with forts and temples from the terrace of the palace leaves you mesmerized for some time. If you have keen interest in bird watching, the palace gives you ample opportunities to spot flamingos and various other species of migratory birds. In the evenings, when the palace gets illuminated with thousands of flood lights reflecting on the waters of the lake, the sight really captivates your hearts and souls.Historical Places in Jaipur
- Hawa Mahal: One of the most prominent landmarks of the pink city, ‘Hawa Mahal’ is located very near to the ‘City Palace’. Rajput customs used to be very stringent for the royal ladies in the past. Ladies were bound by a strict ‘Purdah System’ and were not allowed to go in public and interact with strangers. In order to enable ladies of the royal family observe the day to day life and carnivals celebrated in the streets of the city, without being seen by the common man, Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, in the year 1799 gave the orders to construct this special monument. Constructed with red and pink sandstone and symbolizing the shape of Lord Krishna’s crown, ‘Hawa Mahal’ is an architectural masterpiece with over 900 intricately carved ‘Jharokhas’ or small windows. These Jharokhas are designed in such a way that they allow proper ventilation of the air in the palace, keeping it cool and airy even during peak summers. Brilliant design of this palace makes it one of the ‘Must-Visit’ tourist attractions in Jaipur. When visiting this monument, make sure to go up to the topmost floor that offers panoramic views of the Jaipur city with ‘City Palace’ at one end and ‘Siredeori Bazaar’ at the other end.Historical Places in Jaipur
- City Palace: The ‘City Palace’ is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Jaipur, located in the heart of the city. Dating back to the 19thcentury, the palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh. Showcasing a unique combination of Rajput, Mughal and European styles of architecture with an array of courtyards, gardens and special structures built inside the palace complex, the City Palace gives you a deep insight into the excellent architectural skills of the designers and engineers of the bygone era. Many parts of the palace complex except the ‘Chandra Mahal’, have today been transformed into art galleries and museums displaying the antique collection of armours, costumes, carriages and memorabilia belonging to the erstwhile Maharajas and Maharanis; the ‘Chandra Mahal’ inside the palace complex still serves as the home to the royal family of Jaipur. One of the major attractions inside the palace complex are the 4 gateways or ‘pols’ each designed in a unique way symbolizing the four seasons. The beauty of these gates with intricate carvings and floral designs is a visual treat to eyes. A visit to this palace is a must during the Jaipur trip to catch a glimpse at the royal lifestyle of the past kings and queens of this historic city.
- Jantar Mantar: Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, is another most famous tourist attraction of the city. Hundreds of historians, astronomers, and curious travelers visit this place to get a picture of the astronomical skills of an Indian king during an era when these scientific concepts were very new to the Indian society. Holding the status of UNESCO World Heritage site, the monument was built in 1738 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, who is believed to have a keen interest in astronomy. The monument houses a unique and impressive collection of astronomical instruments made of stone and brass based on the astronomical design principles of Hindu texts of astrology and modern science; some of the instruments are largest ever built in their particular categories. Through these instruments, which are fixed on the ground, you can observe various astronomical positions with the naked eye. The ‘Samrat Yantra’ in the Observatory is the world’s largest sundial and needs a special mention. Boasting of the brilliant architectural, astronomical and cosmological concepts of Sawai Jai Singh, the observatory is indeed an astronomical heritage of the city.
- Albert Hall Museum: Acclaimed to be the oldest museum of Rajasthan, the ‘Albert Hall Museum’ is located inside the ‘Ram Niwas Garden’ and was opened to the public in the year 1887. Foundation stone of the museum was laid in 1876 by the then Prince of Wales, Albert Edward, after whom the museum is named. Beautifully carved arches and domes of the museum constructed with pink sandstone can be noticed from even a far-off distance. A rare collection of ancient artifacts including paintings, weapons, metal and wood craft items, musical instruments, carpets, and costumes and jewelry belonging to different tribes of Rajasthan, can be seen in the museum. What interests more to visitors are the sections exhibiting Rajasthan’s unique henna artwork and puppet collection. The museum is a ‘must-visit’ place in Jaipur for explorers, historians, and researchers studying art and culture of Rajasthan.
- Birla Mandir: Located at the foot of the ‘Moti Dungari’ hill in Jaipur, ‘Birla Mandir’ is a great piece of beauty and splendor. Built by the famous industrialist family of Birlas in 1988, the name of the temple is prefixed with the word ‘Birla’. Dedicated to Goddess Laxmi and Lord Vishnu, the temple is also popularly referred to as ‘Laxmi Narayan Temple’. The alluring architecture of this magnificent temple makes it one of the most famous tourist attractions in Jaipur. Made of pure white marble, the temple walls adorn the carvings of the scenes of mythology and quotes from Gita. The main highlight of the temple is the images of Laxmi and Vishnu sculpted out of a single piece of marble. Unlike other Hindu temples, the outer walls of the Birla Mandir are decorated with images of famous personalities like Socrates, Buddha and Jesus Christ. The serenity of the place provides you with an extreme sense of peace and solace. Many devotees throng the temple throughout the year but, the crowd gets multi-fold on the occasion of Janmashtami. The breath-taking splendor of the temple when it glows with thousands of lights in the evenings captivates everyone with its unmatched charm.
- Galtaji Temple: The ‘Galtaji Temple’, located at a distance of 10 km. from the city of Jaipur, is another interesting tourist attraction. Built in the 18thcentury by the attendant of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, Diwan Rao Kriparam, the temple is surrounded by the majestic hills of the Aravali Range. A huge number of monkeys roaming around the temple complex have also given this place, the title of ‘Monkey Temple’. According to the legends, the temple today sits on the site where a great sage ‘Rishi Galav’ performed a rigorous penance for 100 years. Pleased by his prayers, Gods blessed this place with an abundance of water. It is for this reason, you will find the temple complex to be beaming with several water ‘kunds’ out of which the ‘Galta Kund’ is considered to be the most sacred. Several pilgrims and tourists flock to the temple to take a dip in the holy waters of the kund. The crowd gets multi-fold on the day of ‘Makar Sankranti’ in mid-January. The splendid architecture of the temple, which is no less than that of a magnificent ‘haveli’, also leaves you awe-struck for few moments. Tranquil settings and captivating views of the city during sunset makes this temple a ‘worth visit’ for travelers.