Historical Places of Rajasthan , Rajasthan is famous as the ‘land of kings’, possesses the best specimens of Indian art, architecture, and culture. When it comes to gathering information about and looking into the true and mesmerizing history of India, no other place can serve the purpose like Rajasthan. There are a number of enriching historical places to visit along with your family or friends in the state.
Here’s a list of the most famous historical places in Rajasthan you must explore on your next trip.
- Amber Fort, Jaipur: Amer Fort is the best tourist attraction of Jaipur and the sprawling complex combines both immense fortifications with unexpected beauty and charm. The fort which visitors are able to explore today dates from the 16th century and is situated on a natural ridge 11km north of Jaipur. Elephants slowly transport tourists up the ridge in the main entrance courtyard and this makes for a wonderful entrance to the Amer Fort. Inside the palace are beautiful styled state rooms with semi-precious jewel inlaid decoration the finest example is the Sheesh Mahal the mirror palace. The Amer Fort is a top rate tourist attraction of Jaipur and must be visited by all tourists to the region. Historical Places of Rajasthan
- Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur: The Mehrangarh Fort (“Majestic Fort”) is situated on a hilltop, enclosed by an imposing thick, 10 km long wall with seven gates. Soaring 122 m (400 ft) above the city of Jodhpur the fort dominates the surrounding plains and appears very majestic and impregnable. The Mehrangarh Fort is one of the important Historical Places of Rajasthan and was founded by Rao Jodha in 1459 when he shifted his capital from Mandore.
- Junagarh Fort, Bikaner: Junagarh Fort is a fort in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. The fort was originally called Chintamani Mahal and was renamed Junagarh or “Old Fort” in the early 20th century. The Junagarh Fort also known as Bikaner Fort is an unconquerable fortress which has withstood the ravages of time and has remained unconquered. It is among most famous forts in Rajasthan. It is a must visit place in Bikaner. There is also a museum in Junagarh Fort which displays various artifacts anf collections of ancient Bikaner. Historical Places of Rajasthan
- Nahargarh Fort: This fort is located in Aravalli Hills, Jaipur. This used to be a royal retreat during 18th century. This fort’s name can be loosely translated as abode of tigers. This fort is surrounded by forest and mountain background.This is the only fort in the country that was never attacked at all. It gave shelter to Europeans during mutiny. This fort has many palaces, temples, open air enclosure and many others. This fort is near to many tourist attractions like Hawa Mahal, Jaigarh Fort, Jal Mahal and others. Thus, you can spot most of these attractions from the top of Nahargarh Fort.
- Chittorgarh Fort: This fort is located in Udaipur. It is a glorious fort that stands on the peak of a hill. This fort covers 700 acres of land. This fort has seen many battles and stands as a reminder of braveness and chivalry of Rajput. It is said that once a king was smitten by beauty of a Rajput Queen and invaded this fort to win her. The queen and her maids killed themselves when the fort wall was destroyed by enemies. This fort is considered as the pride of Rajasthan. There are 22 water bodies inside this fort today. At its prime days, it was said that this fort had 84 water bodies. Important attractions in this fort are tower of victory, tower of fame, Gaumukh reservoir, Padmini Palace (palace of the Rajput queen in the above story), Rana Kumbha palace, Meera temple and many others. Historical Places of Rajasthan
- City Palace Jaipur: City Palace is located in Jaipur. It was built in 18th century. This palace has an architectural style that mixes Indian and European style. The first main element in this palace is the entrance. There are three entrances and each one is a beauty by itself. Mubarak Mahal used to be the reception of the palace. Today, this Mahal houses costume museum and other exhibits. In this museum you can find a lot of royal clothes that was worn by Sawai madho Singh, king of the palace. It is said that he weighed 250 kg and had 108 wives. Chandra Mahal is famous for the peacock gate. Other important spots in City Palace are Pitam Niwas Chowk, Green Gate, Lotus Gate, Rose Gate, Diwan –I-Khas, Siwan – E- Aam, Maharani palace, Govind Dev Ji temple, Bhaggi Khana and others.
- Hawa Mahal Jaipur: Hawa Mahal is also called as the palace of wind. The palace gets this name because of the screened walls which when opened will gush wind in and out of the Mahal. These screens were built to let women inside the Mahal watch activities on the street. The Mahal is made of pink and red sand stone. It was built in 18th century in the structure of a honeycomb. There are 953 windows with intricate latticework. As stated before, if all windows were open, you can enjoy a real flow of wind. But, most of the windows are closed to avoid accumulation of dust. The top attractions in this Hawa Mahal are the courtyard, windows, fountain, imperial door and archaeological museum. Jaipur must be in your Rajasthan Tour.
- Jaisalmer Fort: This is also called as golden fort. It is one of the largest forts in the world and a major attraction in Jaisalmer. It was built in 12th century. It is called as the golden fort because the fort glows yellow in the sun because of sandstone walls. This fort conceals many palaces, havelis, temples, residences and others. The fort stands in the Thar Desert on Trikula hills. It has four entrances and each guarded by cannon. There is a royal palace, Laxminath temple, merchant havelis, museum and many others. A few structures inside the fort have been fallen to ground. This fort had a wonderful water drainage system even in the 12th century. On a hot day, this fort reflects a brownish yellow colour and camouflages itself from threats. By sunset, the fort comes to the colour of honey gold and blends with the desert sand. This is one of world heritage site and an interesting hill fort in Rajasthan. An important activity is to watch the fort after sunset. The lights would uplift the beauty of the hill fort.
- Umaid Bhawan Palace: Umaid Bhavan Palace is located in Jodhpur. It is one of the few forts where you can rent a room. It is a luxury heritage fort hotel that is maintained by Taj Hotels, today. But, years before, this was a unique palace with beaux art style. According to history, people of Jodhpur were struggling with drought and the king Pratap Singh wanted to employ them and provide them food. Thus, he ordered them to build this lavish building. It is located on Chittar hill where there is no natural water supply or vegetation. This palace has 347 rooms, banquet hall, many courtyards and others. Today, this palace is divided into Taj Palace Hotel, museum and residence of royal family. The place is lavishly built with granite, sandstone, marble floors and filled with arts of deco style. The museum has a collection of miniature painting, royal belongings, elegant murals, armours, porcelain wares and many others. Historical Places of Rajasthan
- Ranthambore Fort: This is a 10th century fort located in Sawai Madhopur inside the wildlife sanctuary. It is located on the hills of Thanbhore. This fort encapsulates many temples, palaces, barracks and other attractions. The wildlife sanctuary used to be the hunting ground for kings. There are three temples inside the fort that were built in 12th and 13th centuries. There is also a Jain temple for Lord Sumatinath and Sambhavanth. The history of the fort is written on a wall inside the fort. The fort has cobbled pathways, gardens and other attractions inside. Since it is located inside the national park, it is one of the important attractions for those who take up safari inside the sanctuary. You can find Surwal Lake, Kanchida Valley and many other attract near it. Historical Places of Rajasthan
- Jaigarh Fort: This fort is also called as Victory Fort. It is located in Jaipur. The main element that attracts people to this fort is the Jaivana Cannon. It is the largest cannon in the country and it is placed on a tall tower that focuses Amber Fort. This fort was meant to stand as a guarding tower for Amer fort and other parts of Jaipur. Another rumour that populates this fort is that there is treasure hidden inside the fort. Apart from these, this fort has many palaces, temples, museum, gardens and others. This fort withstood a lot of damages even after 100 years from building it. It used to house many residential areas, water reservoirs, granary, tall tower and others. Most of those do not stand today. A few treasures were dug and retrieved by government from this fort. Though this is a plain fort when compared to other historic places, it is one of the best structures of Jaipur kings that served its purpose. You can get a panoramic view of the whole city from the top of this fort. Here is the list of Historical Places of Rajasthan.